1. Limits on Use
2. Prohibited Work Practices
3. Labels and Other Forms of Warning
4. Personal Protective Equipment
5. Medical Surveillance
6. Safe Work Practices
7. Construction and Maintenance Compliance Plan<
8. Prior to the Start of Construction and Maintenance Activities Performed by SI Staff<
9. Additional Work Practice Requirements for Construction and Maintenance Activities by SI Staff
Attachment 1 - Lead Monitoring, Testing, and Analysis Procedures
Attachment 2 - Limits on Employee Exposure and Environmental Contamination
Attachment 3 - OSHA Compliance Plan - Lead Abatement, Renovation, and Maintenance Jobs
1. It is the policy of the Smithsonian Institution to protect its employees, contractors, visitors, housing occupants, and child-occupied facility clients from the exposure hazards associated with lead.
2. This Chapter applies to all SI facilities with lead-containing materials (LCM) (e.g., building materials, collection objects, other work materials) and to SI operations involving the handling or disturbance of LCM.
3. This Chapter establishes requirements for safely working with LCM, to include hazard identification and exposure assessment, safe work and waste disposal practices, training and recordkeeping.
4. This Chapter also establishes SI policy for complying with regulations governing lead-based paint abatement, inspection, and risk assessment activities when conducted by SI staff. Contractor activities involving disturbance of LCM shall be done in accordance with SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials."
5. In implementing this Chapter, the SI will comply with all applicable federal, state, and local regulations, including:
a. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard29 CFR 1910.1025, (Lead General Industry);
b. OSHA Standard29 CFR 1926.62, Lead (Construction);
c. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 40 CFR 745 Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention in Certain Residential Structures; and
d. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)24 CFR 35, Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention in Certain Residential Structures.
1. Safety Coordinators shall:
a. Maintain a record of identified LCM and lead-based paint (LBP) locations in their facilities.
b. Ensure that all contracted work in their facility be assessed as to whether it will impact LBP or LCM, and if so, ensure that contractor work involving disturbance of LCM or LBP in their facilities is properly reviewed for compliance with the SI Construction Specification 13285.
c. Ensure that facility staff who is assigned tasks that may involve exposure to lead are identified to the Office of Safety, Health, and Environmental Management (OSHEM) for exposure assessment and development of exposure controls.
d. Assist supervisors in implementing the hazard controls specified in this Chapter and by OSHEM to maintain exposure and environmental contamination levels to below those specified in Attachment 1.
e. Ensure that the training and/or certification and licensing requirements of this Chapter are met.
f. Ensure that the provisions of this Chapter are implemented regarding SI-owned housing or child-occupied facilities, as applicable.
2. Supervisors shall:
a. Identify, with the assistance of the Safety Coordinator, work tasks under their control that involve working with LCM. Identify employees who may be exposed to lead to OSHEM for exposure assessment.
b. Ensure that OSHEM-recommended engineering and other control measures are implemented to reduce exposures as low as reasonably achievable but, as a minimum, to below the OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit of 50 micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air (μg/M3) as an 8‑hour time-weighted average (TWA) concentration.
c. Ensure that all employees who are potentially exposed to lead concentrations equal to or greater than the OSHA Action Level of 30 μg/M3 (8-hour TWA) are enrolled, per OSHEM recommendation, in the SI medical surveillance program specified in this Chapter.
d. Ensure that all employees working on or around LCM and LBP, whose work may disturb lead, are currently trained (and certified and licensed if applicable) in accordance with the requirements of this Chapter.
3. Employees shall:
a. Abide by the work practices, personal protective equipment and medical surveillance requirements of this Chapter.
b. Inform supervisors of any situations that could potentially pose lead contamination or LBP exposure hazards.
4. Office of Facilities Engineering and Operations (OFEO): Office of Engineering Design andConstruction, and Office of Facilities Management and Reliability shall:
a. Ensure that LBP and LCM inspections are conducted by an EPA-certified and state-licensed Lead Inspector prior to construction or renovation projects under their respective control.
b. Serve as the Contracting Officers Technical Representative (COTR) for all contractor construction, renovation, and/or demolition projects involving LCM. Ensure this work and associated recordkeeping is conducted in accordance with SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials," and ensure these specifications are regularly revised pursuant to OSHEM advice. Contractor's work plans shall be reviewed and approved by OSHEM prior to start of work.
c. Ensure project managers and COTRs are knowledgeable of LCM and LBP locations within their assigned areas of responsibility, and are knowledgeable of applicable LBP abatement regulations and work practices as defined in the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials."
d. Maintain files of all documentation and regulatory records required by contract specifications for each LBP abatement project under their respective control.
5. OFEO Real Estate Division shall:
a. Ensure that all facilities considered for acquisition by the SI are inspected for LBP and other LCM prior to acquisition.
b. Provide OSHEM with a list of all housing properties under SI ownership, and assist in complying with the provisions of this Chapter relative to federal and state/local lead-hazard reduction and tenant notification requirements.
6. Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) shall:
a. Ensure that service or other contractors directly under its control are aware of LBP locations in their areas of contract work, and be required to follow applicable OSHA safety and health provisions, in addition to Smithsonian policy regarding working on or around LBP and LCM and SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials",
b. Ensure that service contractors submit their LBP and LCM control procedures, subject to review and approval by OSHEM, prior to the start of work.
c. Ensure OCIO employees and OCIO COTRs are knowledgeable of LBP and LCM locations within their assigned projects, and are knowledgeable of applicable lead abatement regulations and work practices as defined in the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials".
7. Office of Safety, Health and Environmental Management (OSHEM) shall:
a. Provide technical assistance to Directors in carrying out their responsibilities under this Chapter, including: assistance in conducting LBP and LCM inspections, assistance in revising contractor specifications for LBP and LCM work projects, reviewing and approving construction projects involving LBP and LCM abatement, coordinating or providing required training, and assistance in developing SI staff work procedures.
b. Conduct exposure assessments and medical surveillance for SI staff exposed to lead, and provide affected employees and supervisors with documentation of results and recommendations for further actions.
c. Maintain medical monitoring and surveillance examinations as required by OSHA standards andChapters 8, "Program Reporting and Recordkeeping Procedures", and 39, "Exposure Assessment and Medical Surveillance", of this Manual.
d. Conduct lead awareness training as required by this Chapter.
1. Supervisors, with assistance of Safety Coordinators and OSHEM, will identify tasks that pose the potential for employee exposure to lead, in order to assess the exposure and develop controls to mitigate the hazard. Examples of tasks that involve contact with lead-containing materials include:
a. soldering, welding, torching, brazing, or cutting on lead materials,
b. spray painting with lead-based paint,
c. abrasive blasting on lead-coated or lead-containing substrates,
d. handling of lead-containing collections objects,
e. cleaning surfaces covered with lead dust or paint chips, and
f. LBP abatement, interim controls (e.g., paint film stabilization), construction, renovations, or general maintenance and repair,
2. For purposes of meeting the requirements of this Chapter, the following definitions apply:
a. Lead-based paint (LBP) is defined as paint or other surface coatings that contain lead equal to or greater than 1.0 milligram per square centimeter of surface area, or 0.5 percent by weight or 5,000 parts per million by weight, as defined by the USEPA mandating licensed abatement actions. As state and local jurisdictions may recognize lower concentrations of lead as the definition of LBP, the more stringent (i.e., lower) shall take precedence.
b. Lead-containing materials (LCM)are any materials that contain or are coated with a detectable quantity of lead, which then mandates OSHA requirements for employee monitoring and protection.
3. Testing and analysis for lead shall follow the protocols in Attachment 1.
4. Maximum allowable environmental concentrations of lead in soil, water, and surface dust are detailed in Attachment 2.
5. If the presence of lead on a facility structure is unknown, and the structure in which work is being performed was built before 1978, it shall be assumed that lead is present in painted surfaces and other building materials. All potable water piping solder joints prior to 1986 shall be assumed to contain lead.
6. Personal Exposure Monitoring
a. When notified by a facility of a work task that may be covered by this Chapter, OSHEM shall conduct initial and periodic assessments to determine the extent of potential employee exposure from that task, in accordance with Chapter 39, "Exposure Assessment and Medical Surveillance" , of this Manual. Monitoring frequency, protocols and assessment of risk will be in accordance with requirements of either OSHA 29 CFR1910.1025 (general industry) or OSHA 29 CFR 1926.62 (construction, renovation, repair and maintenance activities), whichever is applicable. Results of the hazard assessment will form the basis for further medical surveillance measures, personal protective equipment, and work practice controls.
b. Within 5 working days of receiving personal exposure monitoring results, OSHEM shall notify, in writing, the affected employee(s) and their supervisor(s) of the results and any recommendations for corrective action, as warranted.
a. Only "non-lead paint" (defined by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as containing less than 0.06 percent dry weight of lead) is to be used on any interior or exterior surface in SI-owned housing, any other interior facility surface, or any facility area that contains a child-occupied facility or affects a play area.
b. Only "lead free" pipe, solder or flux may be used in the installation or repair of any plumbing in residential or non‑residential facility providing water for human consumption, which is connected to a Public Water System (Section 1417 (a) (i), Safe Drinking Water Act [SDWA]). Under section 1417(d), of the act, "lead free" means that solders and flux may not contain more than 0.2 percent lead, and pipes, pipe fittings, and well pumps may not contain more than 8.0 percent lead.
c. The use of lead in associated roofing materials shall be minimized to the greatest extent possible. New application of lead-coated copper roofs is prohibited.
The following work practices shall not be used for lead-related work:
a. Open flame burning or torching.
b. Machine sanding or grinding without a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) local exhaust control.
c. Abrasive blasting or sandblasting without HEPA local exhaust control.
d. Heat guns operating above 1100 degrees Fahrenheit or charring the paint.
e. Dry sanding or dry scraping, except dry scraping with heat guns or within 1.0 foot of electrical outlets, or when treating defective paint spots totaling no more than 2 square feet in any one interior room or space, or totaling no more than 20 square feet on exterior surfaces.
f. Paint stripping in poorly ventilated space using a volatile stripper that is a hazardous substance (e.g., methylene chloride).
g. Cleaning by compressed air unless used in conjunction with a ventilation system designed to capture the airborne dust.
a. Lead hazard areas shall be marked with boundary tape and warning signs reading, "WARNING, LEAD WORK AREA, POISON, NO SMOKING OR EATING." Lead-contaminated equipment and debris shall also be marked with a warning of the lead hazard.
b. Lead-containing collections objects shall have a caution notation (e.g., "Caution: Contains Lead") on its tag and/or record so that unnecessary handling and exposure may be avoided.
c. The presence of LCM/lead contamination shall be disclosed in the accompanying paperwork for all collections objects, and for all property transfers, including loans and property surplus actions. If possible, the property itself shall be labeled.
a. All respirators used to protect Smithsonian employees from lead exposure must conform to OSHA requirements specified in29 CFR 1910.134,1910.1025,1926.62, and Chapter 18, "Respiratory Protection", of this Manual. All employees whose work requires the use of respiratory protection shall be medically approved to wear a respirator, fit‑tested and properly trained in their use and maintenance by OSHEM. The minimum acceptable respirator for protection against lead is a half-mask, air-purifying type equipped with P100 (HEPA) filters. Until an exposure assessment can be completed by OSHEM, the respirator-type selection will be based on exposure assumptions as detailed in 29 CFR 1926.62.
b. When body/clothing contamination by lead is possible in the course of work covered by this Chapter, an appropriate selection of protective equipment shall be worn (e.g., disposable whole‑body coveralls, head covering, gloves, and/or foot coverings, and/or eye protection) and maintained, in accordance withChapter 17, "Personal Protective Equipment", of this Manual. All disposable protective clothing shall be placed in labeled containers for hazardous waste disposal in accordance with this Chapter. If non-disposable work clothing becomes contaminated with surface dust, it shall be cleaned by HEPA-vacuuming, or other method that removes dust without causing the lead to become airborne, before leaving the work site.
c. Employees conducting work in areas where airborne exposures are expected to be meet or exceed 50 μg/M3 (8-hour TWA), shall shower at the end of their work shift. No clothing or equipment worn during this work shift shall leave the workplace. Employees are to wash their hands and face prior to eating, drinking, or smoking (activities that shall not be conducted in the work area).
d. Gloves and other dermal protection shall be used when handling lead-containing collections objects.
a. Initial medical surveillance shall be provided, by OSHEM, to all Smithsonian employees currently certified through an EPA-approved training provider as lead workers or supervisors, and other staff who are potentially exposed to lead dust concentrations equal to or greater than 30 μg/M3 (8-hour TWA). This program shall include, as a minimum, baseline biological monitoring and respirator medical clearance to be completed before the employee(s) is allowed to work with or around lead and lead-based paint.
b. Periodic medical surveillance shall be provided, by OSHEM, to all Smithsonian employees who are potentially exposed to lead dust concentrations equal to or greater than 30 μg/M3 (8-hour TWA) for more than 30 days in any year.
a. Supervisors/employees must suspend work activities and notify the Safety Coordinator for further evaluation when suspected LCM/lead is encountered and may be disturbed without proper controls and PPE in place.
b. Safe work practices shall be established by the supervisor for areas or job tasks in which a lead hazard is known or suspected. These shall include, as a minimum:
(1) Prevent unnecessary access to the work site.
(2) Carefully clean work site ongoing throughout the day in addition to a final meticulous clean-up at the conclusion of the job. Cleaning efforts must be effective in removing lead contaminated dust.
(3) Use a high-efficiency particulate (HEPA) vacuum attachment with power tools.
(4) Use wet methods such as misting surfaces before scraping to minimize the dispersion of lead contaminated dust.
(5) Use foot coverings or dedicated footwear to minimize the tracking of lead dust out of the work area.
(6) Employees conducting work, in areas where airborne exposures are expected to be meet or exceed regulatory limits for lead exposure, shall shower at the end of their work shift. No clothing or equipment worn during this work shift shall leave the workplace. Employees shall wash their hands and face prior to eating, drinking, smoking, using the rest room, or applying cosmetics.
(7) Employees shall not eat, drink, smoke, or apply cosmetics in work areas where lead contamination is possible.
(8) All walking and working surfaces shall be maintained as free as practicable from accumulations of lead debris. Surface cleaning of lead debris or paint chips is to be done whenever possible by HEPA-filtered vacuum cleaning. Wet sweeping, wet shoveling or wet brushing may be used only when vacuuming has been found to be ineffective.
c. Construction activities. In addition to the general work practices specified above, supervisors and employees conducting activities regulated under 1926.62, involving construction, demolition, renovation, maintenance or repair (including painting and decorating) or lead abatement, in which LBP will be disturbed, must also follow the work practice requirements in sections 6, 7, 8, 9 to follow.
Supervisors of employees engaging in lead work shall develop an OSHA Compliance Plan, in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.62(e) (2) and the example in attachment 1 of this Chapter. This plan is to be reviewed every six months and updated, as necessary, to reflect the status of the program.
a. Prior to work as defined in 6.c above, in an SI facility that may disturb suspect LCM surfaces, the presence and location of LBP/LCM/lead contamination within the work area must be verified using existing facility survey reports and/or new inspection reports. Inspections shall be conducted in accordance with this Chapter and Attachments.
b. All surfaces painted prior to 1978 within the work area must be presumed to contain lead until an inspection is conducted, or documentation shows lead abatement work was performed. All potable water piping solder joints prior to 1986 must be presumed to contain lead.
a. Work practices for abatement, construction, renovation, or maintenance activities shall follow applicable sections inOSHA 29 CFR 1910.1025 and 29 CFR 1926.62, and the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials". Requirements outlined in HUD 24 CFR Part 35 Lead Safe Housing Rule shall apply for activities conducted in residential housing. Abatement and interim control work that disturbs LBP or LCM on more than 2 square feet of interior surface, 20 square feet on exterior surfaces, or 10 percent of the total surface area on an interior or exterior type of component with a small surface area (e.g., window sills, baseboards, trim) shall only be done by a certified and licensed lead abatement contractor or by staff trained, certified, and licensed in accordance with Section I of this Chapter.
b. Detailed information on work practice methodologies is located in " HUD: Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing."
c. All work on lead-containing surfaces that will generate airborne dust, fume, or mist, shall be conducted under the appropriate local exhaust ventilation system to reduce potential employee exposures to below 30 μg/M3 (8-hour TWA).
d. All lead-contaminated debris, vacuum cleaner bags and filters, cloths, mop heads, protective clothing, and respirator filters must be disposed of as lead waste according to SI policy and the procedures of this Chapter.
e. Surface clearance levels shall be used when hazard reduction is the goal of the work being performed, and to arrange for testing of the materials suspected of containing lead/lead shall follow the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials". Methodologies to be consulted include EPA: Residential Soil Sampling for Lead: Protocols for Dust and Soil Sampling (EPA Report No. 7474-R-95-001).
1. Smithsonian-owned housing constructed prior to 1978 shall be evaluated for the presence of LBP, LCM and LCM hazards by a certified "Lead Inspector/Risk Assessor", in accordance with the requirements of EPA 40 CFR Part 745 and for protecting young children from the health hazards associated with lead exposure.
2. Based on the evaluation results, a hazard reduction plan shall be developed by a certified "Lead Inspector/Risk Assessor" and implemented to include abatement and/or interim controls for each LCM hazard identified. Copies of an EPA-approved lead information pamphlet (such as(Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home, EPA #747-K-99-001) and (Protect Your Child from Lead Poisoning) shall be given to each tenant.
3. All LCM activities, including work methods and post-abatement clearance procedures shall follow the requirements of EPA 40 CFR Part 745, OSHA Lead, Construction Standard 29 CFR 1926.62 , and the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials".
4. The SI shall provide a notice of evaluation and/or abatement to occupants of the housing within 15 calendar days of receipt of the evaluation report and/or completion of hazard reduction activities. Such notice will follow the format specified in24 CFR 35.125, 24 CFR 35.130, and/or 24 CFR Subpart A.
5. Prior to the closing of a sale of SI property constructed before 1960, the SI shall conduct a risk assessment and a LBP and LCM inspection in accordance with EPA 40 CFR 745.227. The SI is responsible for completion of abatement of identified LBP hazards prior to the closing of the sale, or in assuring that abatement is carried out by the purchaser before occupancy of the property, pursuant to HUD 24 CFR 35, Subpart C.
6. Prior to the sale of SI property constructed after 1959 and before 1978, the SI shall conduct a risk assessment and LBP and LCM inspection in accordance with EPA 40 CFR 745.227. The evaluation shall be completed before the closing of the sale, and the results shall be made available to prospective purchasers, in accordance with HUD 24 CFR 35, Subpart A.
1. Smithsonian-owned child-occupied facilities, including play areas, shall be evaluated for the presence of lead and LBP hazards, in accordance with the requirements of EPA EPA 40 CFR Part 745, and for protecting young children from the health hazards associated with lead exposure. All SI-owned child-occupied facilities, including the Smithsonian Early Enrichment Centers, and spaces hosting programs meeting the definition "child occupied facilities" (Section 2.B.3) of this Chapter, shall be certified as being free of lead hazards by a certified inspector/risk assessor. If the evaluation reveals the existence of lead or LBP hazards, a hazard reduction plan shall be immediately implemented to include abatement and/or interim controls for each lead or LBP hazard identified.
2. Prior to the renovating space for use as a SI child-occupied facility, the space to be used is to be evaluated for lead and LBP hazards, in accordance with the requirements of EPA EPA 40 CFR Part 745. All lead and LBP hazards identified are to be abated prior to occupancy.
3. All LBP and LCM activities, including work methods and post-abatement clearance procedures shall follow the requirements of EPAEPA 40 CFR Part 745, OSHA OSHA 29 CFR 1926.62, and the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials."
1. All lead-contaminate debris, vacuum cleaner bags and filters, cloths, mop heads, protective clothing and respirator filters must be disposed as lead waste, pursuant to SI policy. The SI facility Hazardous Waste Coordinator (HWC) shall assist in the management of hazardous waste from work generating lead-contaminated waste by SI employees. Contactors who generate a lead waste stream from SI facilities are subject to the terms of their contract.
2. All lead-related waste disposal shall follow the requirements of the SI Hazardous Waste Management program (refer to Chapter 29, "Hazardous Waste Management", of this Manual), and the requirements of the SI Construction Specification Section 13285, "Work Activities Impacting Lead Containing Materials.
3. The waste generator (i.e., either contractor or SI) shall segregate the abatement waste into distinct waste streams (e.g., disposable suits, lead-contaminated polyethylene sheeting, lead-contaminated waste water, hazardous chemical sludge, etc). The waste generator (through the facility HWC) shall submit samples to an accredited laboratory for Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure (TCLP) analysis.
4. Waste shall be considered as "hazardous waste" for the purpose of disposal if the results of the TCLP indicate a lead leachate concentration of greater than or equal to 5 parts per million (ppm), or if the waste meets other EPA hazardous waste regulatory definitions.
5. Hazardous lead waste shall be containerized securely, according to EPA, Department of Transportation (DOT), and all applicable federal, state, and local regulations for hazardous waste containers. Each container shall be labeled with the words "HAZARDOUS WASTE", and marked with its accumulation start date. A Profile Sheet shall accompany/be affixed to each container that includes all major constituents and hazardous components of the waste by chemical name. Acronyms or trade names shall not be used.
6. All non-hazardous lead waste may be contained in either sealed disposal drums, or two layers of 6-mil thick poly sheeting or poly bags, sealed with adhesive spray and/or duct tape.
7. All hazardous waste must be disposed within 90 days of the accumulation start date. The facility Hazardous Waste Coordinator shall retain copies of all related paperwork including Hazardous Material Profile Sheets and completed Hazardous Waste Manifests.
8. All hazardous waste shall be transported by a licensed hazardous waste transporter to an approved/licensed treatment, storage and disposal facility (TSDF). The licensed hazardous waste transporter shall provide evidence of previous experience transporting lead-contaminated waste. The licensed hazardous waste transporter shall provide permanent labeling for all containers, as required by federal, state, and local regulations.
1. SI staff who is potentially exposed to lead hazards shall receive annual "Lead Hazard Awareness" training from OSHEM. This training shall meet the requirements of both OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1025 , (General Industry) and 29 CFR 1926.62, (Construction);
2. Any employee conducting LBP abatement, inspections, risk assessments, or project design, for the express purpose of hazard reduction, shall be certified and licensed in the appropriate State of employment. Certification fees will be the responsibility of the Smithsonian Institution.
1. OSHEM shall maintain records of personal and environmental monitoring for lead, related medical surveillance records, for at least 40 years, or the duration of the worker's employment plus 30 years, whichever is longer.
2. Facilities shall maintain all employee training records for 1 year beyond the last date of employment of each employee.
3. OFEO shall maintain all records of SI lead-based paint assessments for an indefinite period of no less than 75 years.
4. OSHEM shall maintain all records of OSHEM-conducted bulk sample analyses for an indefinite period of no less than 75 years.
5. Lead-based paint inspection reports and bulk sample identification records obtained independently by a facility (i.e., not by OFEO and/or OSHEM) shall be maintained by that facility for an indefinite period of no less than 75 years.
6. Hazardous waste generators shall maintain their respective lead waste manifests for an indefinite period of no less than 75 years.
1. OSHA: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration , including but not limited to:
3. EPA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, including but not limited to:
4. HUD: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, including, but not limited to the 24 CFR 35 Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention in certain Residential Structures and Part 58 Environmental Procedures for Entities Assuming HUD Environmental Responsibilities
5. STATE LEAD-BASED PAINT ACTIVITIES (Abatement & Licensing Requirements):
a. Arizona Department of Environmental Quality
b. Arizona Department of Health Services http://azdhs.gov/phs/oeh/invsurv/lead/
c. District of Columbia
d. Florida Department of Health
e. Florida Department of the Environment
f. Hawaii Department of Health Lead Laws
g. Maryland Department of the Environment
h. Maryland Occupational Safety and Health (MOSH)
i. Massachusetts Lead Laws
j. Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
k. New York City Department of Housing Preservation & Development (HPD)
l. New York City Lead Laws
m. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
n. New York State Department of Health Lead Laws
o. New York State Department of Health Public Health Laws
p. Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR): DPOR is responsible for all company and individual licensure in Virginia.
q. Virginia Department of Environmental Quality